Against Equality of Opportunity - download pdf or read online

By Matt Cavanagh

ISBN-10: 0199265488

ISBN-13: 9780199265480

Nowadays nearly each person turns out to imagine it seen that equality of chance is not less than a part of what constitutes a good society. while they're so imprecise approximately what equality of chance really quantities to that it may possibly start to appear like an empty time period, a handy shorthand for a way jobs (or for that subject college areas, or positions of strength, or basically locations at the neighborhood activities group) might be allotted, no matter what that occurs to be.
Matt Cavanagh bargains a hugely provocative and unique new view, suggesting that the way in which we predict approximately equality and chance may be greatly changed.

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We should be more interested in trying to make sure there are more jobs to go round, and in trying to reduce the disparities between them. This is, however, one particular objection to equality of opportunity that I do not share. I do not agree that the debate isn't even framed around the right question. There are simply two different kinds of question here-one question about how many jobs there are and what they are like, and a second question about fair allocation. These two questions reflect two quite different kinds of concern.

49 5. When being good at the job is not just a means to an end 54 6. Arguments for meritocracy that appeal to efficiency rather than fairness 63 7. Meritocracy in the public sector 69 8. Legitimate expectations 72 9. Should we be trying to promote merit indirectly? 77 10. Conclusions 78 PART 2. Equality 1. Equality and meritocracy 83 2. Some common but unsuccessful arguments for equal treatment 90 3. Arguments for equality in the face of difference 103 4. Egalitarian arguments that appeal not to some claim we are each separately thought to possess, but to our relations with each other 112 5.

Of course, libertarians tend to object to these theories too; but it is more difficult to accuse these theories of simply ignoring the employer's point of view. These theories are quite consistent with believing that employers have certain rights against interference. What the libertarians have to show is that these theories somehow don't fully appreciate the extent or stringency of those rights. The argument might run something like this. Employers' property rights over jobs, as we have seen, are just an example of their more general right to spend their money as they see fit.

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Against Equality of Opportunity by Matt Cavanagh


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