By Melissa S. Lane, Martin A. Ruehl
The poet Stefan George (1868-1933) used to be essentially the most vital cultural figures in sleek Germany. His poetry, in its originality and influence, has been ranked with that of Goethe, HÃ¶lderlin, or Rilke. but George's achieve prolonged a long way past the sector of literature. in the course of his final 3 many years, he attracted a circle of disciples who subscribed to his homoerotic and aestheticist imaginative and prescient of lifestyles and sought to remodel it into truth. The works and considered the circle profoundly affected the highbrow and cultural attitudes of Germany's informed heart classification from the start of the 20 th century, and are therefore the most important to Germany's cultural and highbrow historical past. The transition from the aestheticist, cosmopolitan values the circle embraced within the early 1900s to the extra explicitly political and patriotic perspectives a lot of its individuals espoused in the course of the Weimar Republic either conditioned and mirrored a momentous transformation in German proposal. The intersection of tradition and politics within the George Circle has bought little recognition in English-language scholarship beforehand. This quantity comprises contributions from significant students in either English- and German-speaking international locations. Its viewers contains students and scholars of German languages and literature, German heritage, and reception of the classics, between different fields. members: Adam Bisno, Richard Faber, RÃ¼diger GÃ¶rner, Peter Hoffmann, Thomas Karlauf, Melissa S. Lane, Robert E. Lerner, David Midgley, Robert E. Norton, Ray Ockenden, Ute Oelmann, Martin A. Ruehl, Bertram Schefold.
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The poet Stefan George (1868-1933) used to be probably the most vital cultural figures in smooth Germany. His poetry, in its originality and influence, has been ranked with that of Goethe, HÃ¶lderlin, or Rilke. but George's succeed in prolonged some distance past the field of literature. in the course of his final 3 a long time, he attracted a circle of disciples who subscribed to his homoerotic and aestheticist imaginative and prescient of existence and sought to rework it into fact.
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Additional resources for A Poet's Reich: Politics and Culture in the George Circle
His final years had been marred by ill health and heavy personal losses. Johann Anton, Julius Landmann, and Friedrich Wolters had died. Some of his closest disciples, in particular Friedrich Gundolf and Max Kommerell, had parted ways with him. Political disputes between Jewish and gentile members, supporters and opponents of National Socialism, caused deep rifts within the Circle in 1932 and 1933. Some of the youngest associates, representatives of the third generation of disciples, now moved center stage, as they looked after their increasingly frail Master on his last travels.
17 2: Stefan George’s Homoerotic Erlösungsreligion, 1891–1907 Adam Bisno G M[EISTER] zu mir, ich sei noch frei wie ein Vogel, da ich noch nicht 16 Jahre sei. 1 Partsch seemed to worry little about George’s appreciation of youthful male beauty. 2 Maximilian Kronberger also expressed misgivings, even if he failed to register the homoerotic nature of the relationship. Hugo von Hofmannsthal, however, recognized George’s attentions for what they partly were, though a word for the proclivity did not emerge in correspondence.
15 Hofmannsthal, however, was not excited by appeals to Nietzsche, never having been able to finish Zarathustra, which he found lacking in taste, as he wrote to Rudolf Pannwitz in 1917. 16 Friendship would only be possible when the latter came to terms with Hofmannsthal’s 40 ADAM BISNO sense of propriety, his insistence on pursuing only the most civilized relationships (H/P, 26). In his letters to Pannwitz, Hofmannsthal blamed his own actions for what had gone wrong nearly two decades prior, writing that George’s lack of civility had provoked his youthful self’s “unanständigen Angriffs” (H/P, 26).
A Poet's Reich: Politics and Culture in the George Circle by Melissa S. Lane, Martin A. Ruehl